The world is facing a major health crisis due to the Corona virus, which is spreading rapidly and rapidly throughout the world, which has led to the closure of borders between countries and the prevention of travel to reduce the spread of infection, but there is also a large penetration of the virus among the peoples of one country, so it was necessary to find a way to reduce the rate of mixing in this case China was one of the first countries to try to use robots while mixing patients and suspects.
This step is one of the most important measures taken by China, which had the greatest impact in the decline of the disease in Wuhan. China also expanded the use of robots to deliver food, medicine and service inside hospitals, which opened the way for the introduction of robots into the health care field to become better than it is now.
The uses of robotics in health care
Robots help counteract the spread of infection greatly, as robots can be used to cleanse, provide medicines and food to patients inside and outside the quarantine, measure vital signs, and prepare medical reports necessary to follow up on cases.
Even before the spread of the Coruna virus, following the spread of the Ebola virus in 2015, workshops organized by the White House for Science and Technology Policy and the National Science Foundation suggested three broad areas in which robots can make a difference – clinical care such as telemedicine and disinfection, and logistics for example Delivery, treatment of contaminated waste, reconnaissance and monitoring, such as monitoring compliance with voluntary quarantine.
It is worth noting that all previous areas have been tested in China, but to a limited extent, the use of robots in China has limited the spread of the disease among health-care staff, both nurses and doctors.
Use robots to measure vital signs
Robots can be used to travel between people to measure the vital signs of humans and to know which patients are healthy. There are two types. Robots can measure the vital signs of humans without identifying the disease. The second type is the diagnosis and definition of the disease itself.
These operations – which often require the intervention of doctors – can be done using the appropriate cameras and algorithms to do this automatically and faster and more accurately, especially with the analytical strength of the artificial intelligence algorithms that can be used.
This technology can also be used in hospitals and linked with a face recognition database to alert and warn patients and add any necessary information that may benefit their health and reduce the spread of diseases in the future.
The use of robots in the initial diagnosis
In such a pandemic that the world is now living with due to the Corona virus, we need to collect a lot of samples from patients and healthy people to test it, but the challenge lies in the lack of medical staff in addition to the risk of easy spread of infection.
Therefore robots can be one of the modern technology alternatives in health care to facilitate rapid and efficient collection of samples while reducing and limiting the spread of infection. The difficulty of collecting samples may vary in varying proportions from collecting samples from the mouth and pharynx to drawing blood samples, and with the development of viruses and bacteria and their ability to transmit infection in different ways , The use of robots will be safer and faster to collect samples for research and avoid any spread of infection in the future.
There are many technical teams that are developing robotic systems that use ultrasound to locate veins to make it easier for robots to draw blood samples more accurately, and drones can also be used to transport samples without the need for human intervention as well.
Artificial intelligence applications can also be used to diagnose diseases with high accuracy, such as the Japanese diagnostic systems that were able to diagnose colon cancer by 86%, and outweighed that the technology giant IBM in its application, Watson, which can diagnose cancer diseases by 99%.
The use of robots in surgical procedures
Surgeries are one of the most essential and costly steps in health care. Robots are machines that are not affected by the external atmosphere and cannot be distracted. They are programmed to do what they should do only, so this is the reason that prompted many international hospitals to introduce robots in performing surgeries. Of course, with the help of people.
“Waldo” Hospital is one of the major hospitals that has been able to raise the success rates of operations within it by finding the appropriate combination between surgeons and robots in the operating room, and one of the most important robots that work in the field of surgery da Vinci Surgical System, which was introduced 15 years ago and has only been worked on recently .
There are also many companies that work to build mini-robots that can be taken as medication pills to be able to enter the body and target the affected body only with the guidance and leadership of human doctors and surgeons.
How robots improve healthcare for the better with surgery robots
Enhancing human capabilities
There are many medical conditions that humans cannot interfere with, such as spinal injuries that may lead to paralysis of all kinds. In these cases, the patient remains in some way and cannot move or work as before.
This is where robots come in to help deliver healthcare or help care for the patient in general. There are also other types of robots that are attached to the paralysis patient’s feet and feet to help him free naturally again without assistance, called exoskeleton robot.